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      高考英語完形填空訓練(附詳解)
      文章作者:clozehm    文章來源:高考英語網    點擊數:   更新時間:2008-12-24
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      高考英語完形填空訓練(附詳解)

       

      In 1990 a report was published about what the earth might be like 20 years from then on. The report was a result of a three-year ___1___.

      according to the report, the picture of the earth in the year 2010 is not a ___2___ one. The world will be more ___3___ because the population will continue to grow. The population could be ___4___ 6 300 million, almost 2 150 million more than in 1985. More people would move into cities, especially cities in ___5___ countries. Cities like Cairo and Jakarta probably would ___6___ have 15 million by then.

      Food production will ___7___, but not enough to feed all the people. Farmers will grow 90% more food than they did in 1985, ___8___ most of the increase would be in countries that ___9___ produce enough food for their people. Little increase is ___10___ in South Asia, Africa and the Middle East. Poor farming ways are ___11___ large areas of crop land, changing farms into deserts. More farmland is ___12___ as cities become larger and more houses are built. ___13___ will get worse as industrial countries burn more coal and oil. Many of the world’s ___14___ could disappear as more and more trees are cut down. Energy will continue to be a serious problem. The experts say their picture of the earth for the year 2010 ___15___. They only carried out the situation that ___16___ today. By changing the situation, by ___17___ the problems, the picture can be changed. There is ___18___ time for the nations of the world to work ___19___ a plan of action. But they warned that ___20___ too long to make decisions would greatly reduce the chances of success.

      1. A. learning               B. project                   C. notice                     D. study

      2. A. pleased                B. pleasant                 C. safe                         D. blue

      3. A. dangerous            B. beautiful                C. crowded                  D. terrible

      4. A. no more than        B. as many as            C. as much as               D. as large as

      5. A. developing            B. developed              C. big                          D. mountainous

      6. A. none                    B. each                      C. all                           D. neither

      7. A. insist                    B. reduce                   C. increase                  D. continue

      8. A. so                        B. but                        C. or                           D. however

      9. A. already                 B. hardly                    C. partly                      D. never

      10. A. wanted               B. lacked                    C. found                      D. expected

      11. A. destroying           B. protecting              C. disturbing              D. interrupting

      12. A. saved                 B. lost                        C. discovered                D. used

      13. A. Air pollution        B. Water pollution       C. Some diseases           D. All farmland

      14. A. animals               B. plants                    C. forests                      D. people

      15. A. must be true        B. will come true        C. can't be true              D. may be wrong

      16. A. happens              B. develops                C. exists                        D. appears

      17. A. settling                B. working out           C. answering                 D. dealing

      18. A. no                      B. still                        C. less                           D. plenty of

      19. A. about                  B. in                          C. out                            D. for

      20. A. working              B. suggesting              C. spending                    D. waiting

      【答案與解析】

      1. D。study 意為研究,根據下文,這是指對未來20年地球上的情況變化所作的研究。

      2. B。與后面的人口增長,環境污染等聯系起來看,在2010年地球上的狀況(picture)將會令人不愉快(pleasant)。

      3. C。因為人口繼續增長,所以世界會越來越擁擠(crowded)。

      4. D。指人口數目的多用large,少用small。指人口達到某一數目用“as large as + 數詞。

      5. A。從現狀來看,人口增長快的國家多為發展不發達的國家;而城市人口急劇增長的則是一些發展中的國家(developing countries)。

      6. B。前面提到了兩個城市,故此空只能填each,neither具有否定意義,不合句意,也不能插入謂語之中。

      7. C。臨近幾句是講糧食增長問題,故選 increase“增長。

      8. B。前后兩句具有轉折意義:農民所生產的糧食將比1985多百分之90,但多數增產糧食的國家是在已經有足夠糧食供人們生活的國家。

      9. A。already 意為已經,由下句可知:是指已經有足夠糧食供人們生活的國家。

      10. D。expect意為預計,句意為:在亞洲南部的國家預計增產幅度不大。

      11. A。由changing farms into deserts可知:不當農業生產方式毀壞(destroy)了大片生產糧食土地。

      12. B。由于擴建城市,修建房屋,必然侵占大量農田,故選lost(失去)。

      13. A。由burn coal and oil必然排放大量煙霧,可推知:此處指空氣污染(air pollution)

      14. C。由more and more trees are cut down可推知:此處指森林(forests)可能消失。

      15. D。此句意為:專家說地球到2010年的狀況可能會不好。

      16. C。exist 意為存在。由上下文可知:環境正遭受污染和破壞,專家們只是想保存今天狀況。

      17. A。settle the problems 意為解決問題(from www.dubaipaintplumbers.com)。

      18. B。still 意為還有,加強語氣。句意為:現在還有時間給世界各國制定行動計劃。

      19. C。work out a plan 意為制定計劃。

      20. D。句意為:專家們警告說等待太長的時間作處決定將會極大地減少成功的機會。

       


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